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Japanese Chin

Chin, Japanese Spaniel

Family: Canidae Japanese Chin Picture, also called Chin and Japanese SpanielCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
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I have a one year old Japanese Chin that gives me lots of love and laughter. She loves her toys and plays a lot. Only problem with her is I can't find food that she... (more)  Joan Adleman

A toy spaniel breed, the adorable Japanese Chin is a small indoor dog!

The Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel, is one of those lovely little toy dogs that don't need much activity. That makes the Chin dog a great companion animal for people who live in apartments, as well as those with a more sedentary lifestyles. It is beloved for its mild-mannered and affectionate temperament.

The Chin is very loyal to its owner, but it also tends to get along with everyone in the household. This includes not only other people, but dogs and other pets as well. There are some Japanese Chin health concerns to be aware of. These small dog breeds are prone to genetic knee and heart problems. When choosing a Chin, it is wise to check its bloodlines and medical records to help identify possible problems.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris

Common Name(s)

Japanese Chin, Chin, Japanese Spaniel

Breed Type

The Japanese Chin is a toy spaniel breed. This breed makes a great companion, and is best suited to areas with moderate climates. The Chin is sensitive to extremes in temperature.

Background

The Chin is thought to have originated in China or Korea. It was, however, developed in Japan and became a favorite of the country's royalty. The breed became very popular in 1853, when Queen Victoria received a pair of them as a gift from Commodore Perry. The Chin is divided into two classes by weight: Under 7 pounds and over 7 pounds.

Description

The Japanese Chin is 7-11 inches tall and weighs 4-15 pounds. Its long hair is white with patches of black, red, lemon, orange, sable, or brindle. The nose is short and wide, and its color matches the dog's markings. The Chin's eyes are large, protruding and dark, and its ears upside-down and V-shaped.

Care and Feeding

A Chin's diet needs to consist of a high-quality dog food, ideally with a good protien base but also high in fiber. They need an adequate amount of fiber in their diet. They can be prone to developing impacted anal glands if their diet lacks a good dietary fiber. Ideally feed them two meals a day, with the total amount of food being between 1/4 to 1/2 cup. Teeth cleaning chews are also good for their dental health.

The regular vaccination schedule is as follows; however, since some lines of Chins are prone to distemper, your veterinarian may choose to adjust the schedule:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

The Japanese Chin sheds year round and blows its coat twice a year. Therefore, regular vacuuming is necessary. This breed also needs daily brushing to keep its coat in good condition. Dry shampoo is usually sufficient, and the dog should be bathed only when necessary. Its eyes and ears should be checked regularly for infection.

Housing Your Dog

Chins are indoor dogs, and they do not require a lot of space. They are content in a house or an apartment, and with or without a yard. They require moderate temperatures.

Social Behaviors

Japanese Chins do well with other dogs and all sorts of other pets. They are also gentle with children, but are not recommended for smaller children who may not be as gentle with them.

Handling and Training

Housetraining may go slowly with the Chin at first, up to about 4 months of age. After that they usually do well. They are also good at learning obedience and tricks.

Activities

Chins do not need much exercise. Just a daily walk and normal play should suffice.

Breeding/Reproduction

When considering a mate for your Chin, it is important to check the potential mate's bloodlines for heart and knee problems. As with any small dog, females may need Cesarean sections when giving birth if the puppies are large.

Common Health Problems

Because of its large and protruding eyes, the Japanese Chin often suffers from eye problems. Corneal scratches and ulcerations are not uncommon, and depending on their severity may require emergency care. This breed often suffers from breathing problems due to the shape of its nose.

Availability

Japanese Chins are fairly easy to find from breeders. Prices average around $500.

References

Lastest Animal Stories on Japanese Chin


Joan Adleman - 2011-05-24
I have a one year old Japanese Chin that gives me lots of love and laughter. She loves her toys and plays a lot. Only problem with her is I can't find food that she likes and eats. BY HERSELF. I gave her and still do wet food and if I sit and hand feed her she will eat most of it. If I am with her and put hard food on the floor (not in a dish) she will play around eating it. I really need help as I am afraid she will get sick. What kind of food should I give her or as some tell me let her go a day or two and she will eat but that is so hard to do. She likes her doggy treats and bones but only gets 2 little bones a day and 2 treats a day. Any ideas I'd appreciate.

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-05-24
    OK been there and done that. I had two Great Pyrenes (two sisters) one named Sugar and one named Shack. I got them when they were about 3 months old. Well Sugar ate just fine but Shack just wouldn't eat unless I sat in the floor and fed her. Sugar weighed more and would gobble everything down and Shack and I would still be sitting on the floor while I fed Shack. Great Pyrenes are not small. After many weeks, I am now sitting on the floor after mixing in hot dogs, soup, ground meat etc into Shacks food to get her to eat because she was 15 pounds lighter than Sugar but weighed 60 pounds, I am still feeding Shack by hand sitting on the floor. My daughter finally says "Mom, are you nuts?" I taught the dog to not eat unless I hand fed her or improved whatever her diet was via soup, hotdogs, broth, hamberger etc. Now why she did not weigh as much as Sugar, I don't know. Possibly she got bored cuz it took me so long to feed her. I do know I did stop and it took a couple of days of Shack begging and me being firm before Shack finally ate on her own without problems. She caught up to Sugar in weight. Thank goodness because they weighed about 100 pounds apiece. Now a Japanese Chin is a little fella and I am sure you are worried but possibly he has you trained like mine trained me. Enjoy and they can always make you laugh. Good luck.
  • Pam - 2011-11-24
    My Jap Chin loves Iams small bites. I think its in a blue bag. He even eats the cats food.
  • Paul Yip - 2011-12-30
    First of all, an hungry dog is an healthy dog. So, I'm suggesting to cut off all treats, these 6 lb dogs can not eat too much a day, and do not hand feed, every meal give a little more than quarter cup with high quality food, 2 meals a day. At first few days, to give the food only 10-15 minutes, and then take the food away to make her hungry. Later she will eat herself. I have a Japanese Chin from a championship breeder, (please check it out from my facebook) I feed him a little than 1/4 cup dry food at mornings and a medium scoop of fresh raw ground beef mixed up veggie and rice (actually, the raw beef is the best food for dog). If you would like to know how to make raw beef dog food, please let me know.
  • sol barket - 2012-01-18
    I have two Japanese Chins. Brother and sister, two years old. I have tried the better foods and my dogs seems to like Fromm. I think they make a good food. I would stay away from beef based foods. I just got a new blend. Fromms, Game Bird Receipe for Dogs, grain free. I bought a bag of the Pure Vita, they did not like it. I started them out on Wysong as pups and they did well on that food. The Fromm is easily available, where the Wysong I had to mail order from the company. Chins can be picky about their food. I hope this helps.
  • Anonymous - 2015-07-04
    Try freshpet. It comes in a large log that looks like a tube of ground beef. Highly rated. Should be available at most pet stores winn-dixie Publix grocery stores. not sure what you have in your area but give it a try great food for your dogs and they love it
Reply
Gucci Oma - 2011-10-27
Hello. We have a 6 month old Japanese chon girl and we are looking for boyfriend for breeding. Pls help us

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-10-27
    Ought to tell folks where you live. Just a thought.
  • rita - 2011-11-21
    I am in Flordia. I have two great males for breeding. Miso is akc reg. He is black and white then we have Edward and he is not reg but he is a pure breed chin. He is black and white also. They both are super chins in all ways. If your interested e mail us and we will send pictures and answer any thing you want to know thank you
  • Pam - 2011-11-24
    I have a boy looking for a girl friend, where do you live?
  • Ashley Washington and Jason Washington - 2015-03-12
    We have a 3year old male Japanese Chin and we would love to mate our dog with yours if you would please call us at (702)454-4625 ext 209
Reply
Bridgett Baker - 2011-01-10
We've had our Japanese Chin for about 1.5 years. She is a sweetie. The previous owner had her for about 3 years. My concern is that she had these scratching fits every couple of days. She starts barking and yelping until we go to her. She stops when we call her name or pet her. The previous owners gave us drops for her ears, but they do not help. Is this common?

  • Cindy - 2014-01-10
    She is most likely demonstrating a food allergy. Ear infections, Scratching, hotspots, buttdragging or obsessive Paw licking are all symptoms. Just had yo put My girl on venison and potato diet!
Reply
Jonathan Seer - 2009-09-18
Japanese Chins no matter what they eat have a digestive tract designed to process animal products ONLY. Try to avoid soy, corn, and gluten. Millions of humans suffer from the horrible condition known as ciliac disease from eating this, so what do you think it does to a Japanese Chin?  If Corn and the often included gluten are so bad for us humans, it's can be toxic, life-threatening to Japanese Chins - thus they're much shorter than usual lifespan.

Soy is a huge reason why dogs in general have so many skin conditions and infections and Japanese Chins are particularly susceptible. Soy isoflavins are 'estrogen precursors' and dog food companies KNOW this, but don't care, because it's a super cheap way to bulk up dog food. Isoflavens, being estrogen related compounds, play havoc with a Japanese Chin's reproductive system, and help make them far more suseptable to reproductive illnesses, because they're hormones will be way out of balance.

IDEALLY, being a carnivore, Japanese Chins should have a diet consisting of meat by products, bone by products, bones, meat, animal organs. They'll eat lots of other things, but unless it's animal based, they won't be able to digest it, and quite often be hypersensative to plant compounds that are perfectly fine for humans.

I'm an owner of many chins for several years, and NONE of mine EVER get sick. The only reason they've ever gone to the vet is for shots. They do NOT have skin problems, NO breathing problems, NO knee problems and so on and so on - and it's because I feed them the way carnivores should be fed.

  • Kelly - 2010-02-26
    Your comments make a lot of sense. I have a japanese chin and dont want to feed him processed pet food. What do you recomend a good homemade "carnivores" diet should be?
  • Kiyo - 2010-11-26
    So what do carnivores eat or what do you exactly feed them, I have a 6 years old
    chin and I am trying to figure out what exactly to feed him.
  • raven - 2013-03-29
    I have a chin mix, who will not eat dog food.When she was younger it was real hard to keep her sugar and weight up. But her vet said to feed her fish. She is thriving now. :) but she still will not touch dog food or store bought dog treats.
  • Helen - 2013-04-22
    Can you tell me what you feed your chins we have a 5 month old pup and have been feeding him eukanuba small breed puppy food as recommended by the breeder but he has become bored of this so we have given him chicken ,salmon ,mackerel,sardines and turkey but feel he needs a high quality cibble to achieve a balanced diet and healthy coat please help
  • Priscilla Anderen - 2013-08-23
    I just got a 3 year old Chin, and he is very selective as to food. The breeder said he was eating Pedigree dry food, but he has refused to eat it for me. Then I was told to try can with the dry. He ate some, but still is not eating well. What kind of food do you suggest, and can they really eat carrots and green beans? Please advise me by email.
Reply
Gucci Oma - 2011-10-27
Hello. We have a 6 month old Japanese chon girl and we are looking for boyfriend for breeding. Pls help us

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-10-27
    Ought to tell folks where you live. Just a thought.
  • rita - 2011-11-21
    I am in Flordia. I have two great males for breeding. Miso is akc reg. He is black and white then we have Edward and he is not reg but he is a pure breed chin. He is black and white also. They both are super chins in all ways. If your interested e mail us and we will send pictures and answer any thing you want to know thank you
  • Pam - 2011-11-24
    I have a boy looking for a girl friend, where do you live?
  • Ashley Washington and Jason Washington - 2015-03-12
    We have a 3year old male Japanese Chin and we would love to mate our dog with yours if you would please call us at (702)454-4625 ext 209
Reply