Animal-World > Dogs > Toy Dogs > Pomeranian

Pomeranian

Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom, Zwergspitz

Family: Canidae Pomeranian PictureCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
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Hi! I'm disneah I'm 12 y/o my dog is so cute his name is PUCHO he is Pomeranian spitz, his favorite toy is fake bone and his favorite activity is running with me... (more)  disneah

   The Pomeranian is a classy looking toy breed, being small and fluffy with a fox-like face.

Pomeranians are lively and smart. They are also independent and strong-willed. Many people fall in love with this little fluffy dog because of its beautiful presentation. It smiling wedge-shaped face, dark almond shaped eyes, and button nose are simply enchanting.

The Pomeranian or Dwarf Spitz is one of the small dog breeds, and is affectionately called the the Pom. They are great companion dogs for adults and older children. If this toy dog is properly socialized, it can also usually get along well with other pets. They catch on quickly when training, and can learn lots of tricks. When selecting a Pomeranian, pay special attention to the condition of its eyes and teeth. It is also advisable to check bloodlines for hereditary problems.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris
Pomeranian Facts

Common Name(s) Pomeranian, Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom

Breed Type The Pomeranian is a toy breed, and is intended to be a house pet. The Pomeranian is rather sensitive to heat, so it does best in fairly cool climates.

Background The Pomeranian's origins go back to sled dogs from Greenland and Lapland. Selective breeding by English breeders reduced the breed's size. The Pomeranian is known for being very popular among royalty. Queen Victoria made Pomeranians very popular in late 1800's and many famous people at that time had Poms as pets. The Pomeranian is now a member of the American Kennel Club toy group, originally they were classified in the miscellaneous group until 1892 when the AKC classified them into the toy dog group.

Description Pomeranians are very small and fluffy. They have a fox-like face, usually dark eyes, and pointed ears. They are most commonly solid colored, but some are parti-colored. Their average height is 7-12 inches, and they usually weigh between 3 and 7 pounds. They can be found in a wide variety of colors such as orange, red, white, blue, brown, black and cream.

Care and Feeding Pomeranians do best on a diet of dry food due to the likelihood of tooth and gum problems. Foods containing fish, beef, and wheat are recommended. Giving the dog teeth cleaning chews is also a good idea.
Pomeranians need frequent brushing. They can be cleaned with dry shampoo as needed. Their eyes and ears need special attention, and should be cleaned each day. It's also important to take good care of their teeth, brushing them at least once a week.
Pomeranians need annual checkups to keep them healthy. Vaccinations should be given as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Poms shed heavily, so frequent vacuuming is a must. It's also best not to leave blankets and pillows lying around on the furniture, because your Pomeranian can curl up under them for a nap and potentially be sat on.

Housing Your Dog Pomeranians are indoor dogs, and they are quite content in small apartments. They are active and love to play with small dog toys. They may become overheated in hot weather, so it is best to keep them inside in the air conditioning if possible.

Social Behaviors Pomeranians can do well with other pets, as long as they are familiar with them. They are independent, yet they make wonderful companions for adults, the elderly, and older children. They tend to get nervous around young children.

Handling and Training When training a Pomeranian, being firm is the key to success. They have minds of their own, and trainers must let them know who is boss. They can learn to do tricks, and they usually respond well to crate training. They also make great show dogs.

Activities Pomeranians need regular exercise, but not as much of it as larger breeds. Short daily walks and regular play sessions should take care of their activity needs.

Breeding/Reproduction When considering a mate for a Pomeranian, it is important to research the potential mate's bloodline. Pomeranians are susceptible to a number of hereditary problems. Females sometimes need Cesarean sections when giving birth, especially if they are very small.

Common Health Problems Frequent ailments of Pomeranians include slipped stifle, dislocated kneecaps, eye infections, heart problems, and skin disorders. Regular visits to the veterinarian will help keep your Pomeranian in good health and aid in early detection of these problems.

Availability Pomeranians are easier to find in some areas than in others, but most people can locate nearby breeders. They are available in some pet stores as well. Prices vary, and can range from $350 to $1,000 or more.

References "Pomeranian", Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
"Pomeranian (dog)", Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., "What to Feed a Pomeranian", Referenced online, 2008
"Pomeranian Puppies for Sale", Copyright PuppyFind.com, LLC, Referenced online, 2008

Lastest Animal Stories on Pomeranian


disneah - 2014-05-18
Hi! I'm disneah I'm 12 y/o my dog is so cute his name is PUCHO he is Pomeranian spitz, his favorite toy is fake bone and his favorite activity is running with me outside of our house and going poop outside. He is now 3 y/o when I called his name he looks at me and when he barks I told him that don't bark he don't bark at all I love my dog.

Reply
Carol Leroux - 2014-01-22
I have a year old male pom who is beautiful or handsom i guess. He is well behaved and does not bark when told. my vet said it was the first pom she never heard bard. he only yelp a little when he got his shots. he is playful, very cuddly and wants to be with me 24/7. He is 5.6 lbs and is exactly as the pics show. my only question is he hates dog food but loves beef, chichken, fish, some vegs and fruits. is this good or bad?

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-01-22
    As you can see in the diet section above, 'a diet of dry food due to the likelihood of tooth and gum problems'. So you'll have to be careful feeding him other foods.
Reply
Diana - 2013-10-12
My friend had a fox pomerian that looked just like the pic but died and she misses him dearly please let me know how to contact the owner if for sale or if someone who knows who has one just like it let me know 704 402 2565.

  • haeman - 2013-12-16
    I have a puppy like this.
Reply
jak - 2012-06-04
I have had two poms, Bambi and Lille. Bambi ate a sago palm seed and it destroyed her liver. She was one year old. Lille is almost four and is beautiful and very intelligent, loyal, loving, and funny. Poms need to be taught that they are not the master of the pack. They have a very strong pack instinct. They are the only small dog breed that are direct descendants of a working breed, the spitz, a sled dog. They love to get wet and easily tolerate cold. They get overheated easily and must be acclimated to long walks in the summer. Their presonality is second to none and are choosy in picking friends. They don't like loud noise or excitement. A poms perfect day is snoozing next to it's master. They follow you closely and watch you like a hawk. They are resiliant animals and don't know their size and will face off with another animal much larger than them. They are prone to be stolen as they are prized by many, but some cruel people will steal a pom and use them to train their pit bull to kill.

  • Carmen Alexander - 2013-08-12
    I HAVE BEEN MAULED BY A DOG AND LUCKY TO BE ALIVE. How horrible to use them as a way to train another dog. They are a living being as well.
Reply
Diana - 2013-10-12
My friend had a fox pomerian that looked just like the pic but died and she misses him dearly please let me know how to contact the owner if for sale or if someone who knows who has one just like it let me know 704 402 2565.

  • haeman - 2013-12-16
    I have a puppy like this.
Reply