Animal-World > Dogs > Toy Dogs > Pomeranian


Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom, Zwergspitz

Family: Canidae Pomeranian PictureCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
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I have 2 lovely poems Sammy 2 rescued at 5 months we had to have him neutered as one of his testicles hadn't dropped. He is so laid back he is almost horizontal.... (more)  carol

   The Pomeranian is a classy looking toy breed, being small and fluffy with a fox-like face.

Pomeranians are lively and smart. They are also independent and strong-willed. Many people fall in love with this little fluffy dog because of its beautiful presentation. It smiling wedge-shaped face, dark almond shaped eyes, and button nose are simply enchanting.

The Pomeranian or Dwarf Spitz is one of the small dog breeds, and is affectionately called the the Pom. They are great companion dogs for adults and older children. If this toy dog is properly socialized, it can also usually get along well with other pets. They catch on quickly when training, and can learn lots of tricks. When selecting a Pomeranian, pay special attention to the condition of its eyes and teeth. It is also advisable to check bloodlines for hereditary problems.

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris
Pomeranian Facts

Common Name(s) Pomeranian, Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom

Breed Type The Pomeranian is a toy breed, and is intended to be a house pet. The Pomeranian is rather sensitive to heat, so it does best in fairly cool climates.

Background The Pomeranian's origins go back to sled dogs from Greenland and Lapland. Selective breeding by English breeders reduced the breed's size. The Pomeranian is known for being very popular among royalty. Queen Victoria made Pomeranians very popular in late 1800's and many famous people at that time had Poms as pets. The Pomeranian is now a member of the American Kennel Club toy group, originally they were classified in the miscellaneous group until 1892 when the AKC classified them into the toy dog group.

Description Pomeranians are very small and fluffy. They have a fox-like face, usually dark eyes, and pointed ears. They are most commonly solid colored, but some are parti-colored. Their average height is 7-12 inches, and they usually weigh between 3 and 7 pounds. They can be found in a wide variety of colors such as orange, red, white, blue, brown, black and cream.

Care and Feeding Pomeranians do best on a diet of dry food due to the likelihood of tooth and gum problems. Foods containing fish, beef, and wheat are recommended. Giving the dog teeth cleaning chews is also a good idea.
Pomeranians need frequent brushing. They can be cleaned with dry shampoo as needed. Their eyes and ears need special attention, and should be cleaned each day. It's also important to take good care of their teeth, brushing them at least once a week.
Pomeranians need annual checkups to keep them healthy. Vaccinations should be given as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Poms shed heavily, so frequent vacuuming is a must. It's also best not to leave blankets and pillows lying around on the furniture, because your Pomeranian can curl up under them for a nap and potentially be sat on.

Housing Your Dog Pomeranians are indoor dogs, and they are quite content in small apartments. They are active and love to play with small dog toys. They may become overheated in hot weather, so it is best to keep them inside in the air conditioning if possible.

Social Behaviors Pomeranians can do well with other pets, as long as they are familiar with them. They are independent, yet they make wonderful companions for adults, the elderly, and older children. They tend to get nervous around young children.

Handling and Training When training a Pomeranian, being firm is the key to success. They have minds of their own, and trainers must let them know who is boss. They can learn to do tricks, and they usually respond well to crate training. They also make great show dogs.

Activities Pomeranians need regular exercise, but not as much of it as larger breeds. Short daily walks and regular play sessions should take care of their activity needs.

Breeding/Reproduction When considering a mate for a Pomeranian, it is important to research the potential mate's bloodline. Pomeranians are susceptible to a number of hereditary problems. Females sometimes need Cesarean sections when giving birth, especially if they are very small.

Common Health Problems Frequent ailments of Pomeranians include slipped stifle, dislocated kneecaps, eye infections, heart problems, and skin disorders. Regular visits to the veterinarian will help keep your Pomeranian in good health and aid in early detection of these problems.

Availability Pomeranians are easier to find in some areas than in others, but most people can locate nearby breeders. They are available in some pet stores as well. Prices vary, and can range from $350 to $1,000 or more.

References "Pomeranian", Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
"Pomeranian (dog)", Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., "What to Feed a Pomeranian", Referenced online, 2008
"Pomeranian Puppies for Sale", Copyright, LLC, Referenced online, 2008

Lastest Animal Stories on Pomeranian

carol - 2015-06-29
I have 2 lovely poems Sammy 2 rescued at 5 months we had to have him neutered as one of his testicles hadn't dropped. He is so laid back he is almost horizontal. Kimba 20mths, we have had him since he was 14maths the same thing happened again. All was well for the first couple of months, he was a happy little chap then all of a sudden he started barking at traffic and going crazy when a car or wagon goes by. I am at a loss as to what to do. Any suggestions please help.

  • Clarice Brough - 2015-07-09
    You can try to figure out what is causing your dog to bark, one suggestion I read was to keep a log for a few days. Make notes everytime the dog barks with what's around the dog, what is going on at that time, and what you are doing. You may discover a reason why your little fellow is barking.
willow - 2012-01-28
I love Pomeranians to bits, but I am greiving as I have had to make the hardest choice I or any of you will ever have to make and that is to put your best mate to sleep when their time comes. Our girl was 20 yrs old.And we still miss her and will for a while yet. Leuka passed away Dec 21 2011.
Now she is at peace.

  • Lori - 2012-02-19
    How wonderful you had 20 years with your girl! That is a wonderful long life and you and she were blessed to have eachother all those years. She is in a beautiful place in heaven. We have a girl Pom that is eight and I hope we are blessed like you were to have her for 20 years. Her name is Piper. We had collie whose name was Willow. I hope you find a new Pom to share with what you had with your Willow and give another Pom a long happy life with you too!
  • John Guysinger - 2012-05-28
    I know how you feel , I lost my Pom 4 weeks ago, she was killed. I had her for 14 years, she was my best friend , my traveling buddy .i miss her so much. Does the pain ever go away! I would like to get another , but will it be the same or am I just trying to hang on to her memory
  • Pat - 2012-11-20
    Hi Willow, google 'rainbow bridge. It's a poem that always makes me cry and feel better at the same time. Your Leuka will be there when you get there. Take care
  • jesica - 2015-03-20
    Hello get back to me asap, I have two cute poms for adoption.
  • Anonymous - 2015-06-09
    Yes, i am having some problems with my pom . She is about 9 years old. I think. Thats what i was told. She was 3 when i got her. She is sick now i think. Sometimes she cant walk. She is vety saf sometimes. Dont know what to do? I cant stand the thought of her not here? O feel real bad for you about your dog! I cant imagine how you feel. They arr like little children.i am sorry foryou! Bye my name is dar!
jesica - 2015-03-20
Hello to all. Do get back to me if you need a pom pop. I got a male and a female. Giving them out for adoption am moving to meet my husband and he does not like pom, so i need someone that will take very good care of my babies, get back asap *(jesicawhite10@gmail. Com)

Kevin - 2011-08-12
I want to buy a pom puppy.

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-08-13
    So, are you going to do it?
  • krysta - 2012-02-01
    i have one
  • jesica - 2015-03-20
    Hello there do get back to me via mail so that we can talk on how you will get your puppy i have some available for adoption, get back asap.
  • jesica - 2015-03-20
    Get back asap, for more info I have some available for adoption (
jesica - 2015-03-20
Hello to all. Do get back to me if you need a pom pop. I got a male and a female. Giving them out for adoption am moving to meet my husband and he does not like pom, so i need someone that will take very good care of my babies, get back asap *(jesicawhite10@gmail. Com)

Diana - 2013-10-12
My friend had a fox pomerian that looked just like the pic but died and she misses him dearly please let me know how to contact the owner if for sale or if someone who knows who has one just like it let me know 704 402 2565.

  • haeman - 2013-12-16
    I have a puppy like this.