Animal-World > Dogs > Toy Dogs > Pomeranian

Pomeranian

Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom, Zwergspitz

Family: Canidae Pomeranian PictureCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
Latest Reader Comment - See More
we would like to have a young Pom female, have one female and our old fog died. This little girl is lonely and we would like to have another one for her. We live in... (more)  Deloris Donahoo

   The Pomeranian is a classy looking toy breed, being small and fluffy with a fox-like face.

Pomeranians are lively and smart. They are also independent and strong-willed. Many people fall in love with this little fluffy dog because of its beautiful presentation. It smiling wedge-shaped face, dark almond shaped eyes, and button nose are simply enchanting.

The Pomeranian or Dwarf Spitz is one of the small dog breeds, and is affectionately called the the Pom. They are great companion dogs for adults and older children. If this toy dog is properly socialized, it can also usually get along well with other pets. They catch on quickly when training, and can learn lots of tricks. When selecting a Pomeranian, pay special attention to the condition of its eyes and teeth. It is also advisable to check bloodlines for hereditary problems.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris
Pomeranian Facts

Common Name(s) Pomeranian, Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, Pom

Breed Type The Pomeranian is a toy breed, and is intended to be a house pet. The Pomeranian is rather sensitive to heat, so it does best in fairly cool climates.

Background The Pomeranian's origins go back to sled dogs from Greenland and Lapland. Selective breeding by English breeders reduced the breed's size. The Pomeranian is known for being very popular among royalty. Queen Victoria made Pomeranians very popular in late 1800's and many famous people at that time had Poms as pets. The Pomeranian is now a member of the American Kennel Club toy group, originally they were classified in the miscellaneous group until 1892 when the AKC classified them into the toy dog group.

Description Pomeranians are very small and fluffy. They have a fox-like face, usually dark eyes, and pointed ears. They are most commonly solid colored, but some are parti-colored. Their average height is 7-12 inches, and they usually weigh between 3 and 7 pounds. They can be found in a wide variety of colors such as orange, red, white, blue, brown, black and cream.

Care and Feeding Pomeranians do best on a diet of dry food due to the likelihood of tooth and gum problems. Foods containing fish, beef, and wheat are recommended. Giving the dog teeth cleaning chews is also a good idea.
Pomeranians need frequent brushing. They can be cleaned with dry shampoo as needed. Their eyes and ears need special attention, and should be cleaned each day. It's also important to take good care of their teeth, brushing them at least once a week.
Pomeranians need annual checkups to keep them healthy. Vaccinations should be given as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Poms shed heavily, so frequent vacuuming is a must. It's also best not to leave blankets and pillows lying around on the furniture, because your Pomeranian can curl up under them for a nap and potentially be sat on.

Housing Your Dog Pomeranians are indoor dogs, and they are quite content in small apartments. They are active and love to play with small dog toys. They may become overheated in hot weather, so it is best to keep them inside in the air conditioning if possible.

Social Behaviors Pomeranians can do well with other pets, as long as they are familiar with them. They are independent, yet they make wonderful companions for adults, the elderly, and older children. They tend to get nervous around young children.

Handling and Training When training a Pomeranian, being firm is the key to success. They have minds of their own, and trainers must let them know who is boss. They can learn to do tricks, and they usually respond well to crate training. They also make great show dogs.

Activities Pomeranians need regular exercise, but not as much of it as larger breeds. Short daily walks and regular play sessions should take care of their activity needs.

Breeding/Reproduction When considering a mate for a Pomeranian, it is important to research the potential mate's bloodline. Pomeranians are susceptible to a number of hereditary problems. Females sometimes need Cesarean sections when giving birth, especially if they are very small.

Common Health Problems Frequent ailments of Pomeranians include slipped stifle, dislocated kneecaps, eye infections, heart problems, and skin disorders. Regular visits to the veterinarian will help keep your Pomeranian in good health and aid in early detection of these problems.

Availability Pomeranians are easier to find in some areas than in others, but most people can locate nearby breeders. They are available in some pet stores as well. Prices vary, and can range from $350 to $1,000 or more.

References "Pomeranian", Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
"Pomeranian (dog)", Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., "What to Feed a Pomeranian", Referenced online, 2008
"Pomeranian Puppies for Sale", Copyright PuppyFind.com, LLC, Referenced online, 2008

Lastest Animal Stories on Pomeranian


Deloris Donahoo - 2016-02-05
we would like to have a young Pom female, have one female and our old fog died. This little girl is lonely and we would like to have another one for her. We live in Western Ky

  • Jessica - 2016-02-15
    Hello how are you doing,i am sorry for the lost of your pet.We do have pom pups for sale,so if your still interested in getting any,do get back to me for recent pics and more details .

    Thanks
    Jessica
Reply
Deloris - 2016-02-02
I am looking to purchase or adopt a very young pom so that it can get used to my family and myself as it grows. I would like one closer to where I live, which is Waverly, TN. I am on a fixed income so cost is a concern, but this would be mostly for my companionship and travel buddy. I would prefer a female as I have a male dog already and he is not crazy about the male cats next door or male dogs that have visited. I thought I had one, but turned out to be a scam. Only serious sellers/adoptions contact please.

Reply
jesica - 2015-03-20
Hello to all. Do get back to me if you need a pom pop. I got a male and a female. Giving them out for adoption am moving to meet my husband and he does not like pom, so i need someone that will take very good care of my babies, get back asap *(jesicawhite10@gmail. Com)

  • ANA REYES - 2015-09-07
    I have pom sha sha and she wad died 2 weeks ago, she was 12 years old, I was suffered from severe depression at the moment because of my dog, she was with me for 12 years, now im feel im alone and depress, I want another dog same breed of my dog please, please.help me!!!!
  • Anonymous - 2015-11-30
    poms too hey. please no body give her money, she is a scammer. she sells english bulldogs from america to australia, medical supplies, look her email up on facebook. its a georgia number, but she apparantely sells animals all over the world. oh yeah, parrots are another scam from her. she will tell you she has a delivery service, you pay and don't receive. i encourage everyone to look her up. i will work hard at letting everyone know. i have authorities who have leads on bringing her down. research before you pay.
Reply
Shawna Buchanan Staggs - 2015-09-17
I think this could be a great site or group to join. I have had a lot of poms over the years, I am a pom breeder. There can be a lot of things go wrong with these wee creatures. When something goes wrong, don't hesitate to take them to a vet, somethings are life threatening.

Reply
Deloris Donahoo - 2016-02-05
we would like to have a young Pom female, have one female and our old fog died. This little girl is lonely and we would like to have another one for her. We live in Western Ky

  • Jessica - 2016-02-15
    Hello how are you doing,i am sorry for the lost of your pet.We do have pom pups for sale,so if your still interested in getting any,do get back to me for recent pics and more details .

    Thanks
    Jessica
Reply
Deloris - 2016-02-02
I am looking to purchase or adopt a very young pom so that it can get used to my family and myself as it grows. I would like one closer to where I live, which is Waverly, TN. I am on a fixed income so cost is a concern, but this would be mostly for my companionship and travel buddy. I would prefer a female as I have a male dog already and he is not crazy about the male cats next door or male dogs that have visited. I thought I had one, but turned out to be a scam. Only serious sellers/adoptions contact please.

Reply
jesica - 2015-03-20
Hello to all. Do get back to me if you need a pom pop. I got a male and a female. Giving them out for adoption am moving to meet my husband and he does not like pom, so i need someone that will take very good care of my babies, get back asap *(jesicawhite10@gmail. Com)

  • ANA REYES - 2015-09-07
    I have pom sha sha and she wad died 2 weeks ago, she was 12 years old, I was suffered from severe depression at the moment because of my dog, she was with me for 12 years, now im feel im alone and depress, I want another dog same breed of my dog please, please.help me!!!!
  • Anonymous - 2015-11-30
    poms too hey. please no body give her money, she is a scammer. she sells english bulldogs from america to australia, medical supplies, look her email up on facebook. its a georgia number, but she apparantely sells animals all over the world. oh yeah, parrots are another scam from her. she will tell you she has a delivery service, you pay and don't receive. i encourage everyone to look her up. i will work hard at letting everyone know. i have authorities who have leads on bringing her down. research before you pay.
Reply
Diana - 2013-10-12
My friend had a fox pomerian that looked just like the pic but died and she misses him dearly please let me know how to contact the owner if for sale or if someone who knows who has one just like it let me know 704 402 2565.

  • haeman - 2013-12-16
    I have a puppy like this.
Reply