Pug

Chinese Pug, Carlin, Mops, Puggu

Family: CanidaePug Picture, also called Chinese Pug, Carlin, Mops and PugguCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Grace
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We own a black pug and she is a funny dog. She is stubborn but loving. She has some strange habits like she loves to sleep under a blanket. Sometimes we lose her... (more)  cjd

The short stocky Pug makes a very amiable companion and is a wonderful house dog!

The Pug is a distinctive looking toy dog breed. It is short and stocky with an endearing wrinkled face. Its demeanor can be described as easy going and calm. Pugs are affectionate and loyal, and are usually happy.

The Chinese Pug is very smart, but they can have a bit of stubborn strain. Provide them with firm but gentle training, and they will respond. They become very well behaved around children and visitors. They rarely have trouble getting along with other dogs or any other type of pet. When selecting a pug, be on the lookout for breathing and eye problems.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris

Common Name(s) Pug, Chinese Pug, Carlin, Mops, Puggu

Breed Type The Pug is a toy breed that originated in China. Pugs are known for their sparkling personalities, and as with most toy breeds, they make good house dogs.

Background The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds in existence. Originally from China, the Pug is said to have been a favorite of Chinese emperors. It was brought to Europe by Dutch merchants. Pugs were used as military animals, guard dogs, and sometimes even scent hounds.

Description Pugs are stocky, with round heads, flat muzzles, and deep wrinkles on their foreheads. They have large, protruding eyes and rose or button ears. Their coloring is either apricot, fawn, black, or silver, all with black muzzles and ears. Males are 12-14 inches tall and 13-20 pounds, and females are 10-12 inches tall and 13-18 pounds.

Care and Feeding Foods that are low in protein and include beef, horse meat, and pork are best for pugs. A diet of fresh foods can help prevent flatulence. Care should be taken not to overfeed a pug, because they can easily become obese. Pugs should be brushed regularly and shampooed only when it becomes necessary. They must be dried quickly. The wrinkles on their faces require regular cleaning.
Pugs need regular checkups, as they are prone to certain health problems. Annual vet visits are important, and they should be vaccinated as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Due to the Pug's tendency to develop allergies, it is advisable to keep its environment as clean as possible. Pugs are seasonal shedders, so regular vacuuming is necessary.

Housing Your Dog Pugs need to be kept indoors, and fare best in moderate climates. They cannot tolerate extreme temperatures. They are not excessively active indoors, and they do not have to have a yard.

Social Behaviors Pugs are very easy to get along with, and they enjoy the company of people and other animals. They do well with children. Pugs need plenty of attention, and they may get jealous if they do not get it.

Handling and Training Pugs are very intelligent. They can, however, be stubborn at times. They respond best to gentle reprimands and positive reinforcement.

Activities Pugs are not extremely active by nature. They do, however, need regular exercise to stay healthy. Daily walks and play sessions are advised. They may wheeze or become overheated if they overexert themselves, so it is important to keep a close eye on them.

Breeding/Reproduction Pugs are prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) and hemivertebrae, a spine deformity that can cause paralysis. Both conditions may be hereditary, so a careful check of bloodlines is imperative when selecting a mate for a Pug. Females often need Cesarean sections when whelping.

Common Health Problems Pugs with PDE develop symptoms at 6 months to 3 years of age, and almost always die or require euthanization. Severe cases of hemivertebrae may make euthanization advisable as well. Pugs' respiratory systems make breathing problems common, but unless they are severe they do not require medical treatment.

Availability Pugs can be purchased from breeders throughout the country. Prices vary, but they average $450 to $750.

References "Pug", Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
"Pug", Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., "What to Feed a Pug", Referenced online, 2008
"Pug Puppies for Sale", Copyright PuppyFind.com, LLC, Referenced online, 2008

Lastest Animal Stories on Pug

cjd - 2014-02-08
We own a black pug and she is a funny dog. She is stubborn but loving. She has some strange habits like she loves to sleep under a blanket. Sometimes we lose her then see a blanket walking across the floor. She has snoring issues which some people think she is growling. But she doesn't bark. She has had some allergy issues but nothing that can't be taken care of. We have 2 other large dogs and she holds her own with them. Pugs make a great inside dog.

Reply
ruby - 2013-01-18
We have a rescue pug. We love her so much, she is the sweetest thing. We have had her about four years. When i leave or she does not see me she will start hollering. Everyone thinks shes saying mama cause it does sound like that. I would very much recommend rescuing one. You would not be disappointed.

  • william j.wright - 2013-12-19
    Just got my first pug and she is everything you described. Very playful and demands attention which I don't mind. I have fallen in love with her. I have always had big dogs but she may be small yet she is very big. She (BOO) is 4 years old but still has all the puppy spunk. And she has already shown her devotion and abundant love. Thanks BILL
Reply
Brandy - 2011-07-22
I actually use a q-tip to clean my pugs wrinkles. They work much better than anything else. They are very lovable dogs and love to snuggle. :D

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-07-23
    They are cute -
Reply
Olivia - 2008-05-14
These, I think, are one of the best dogs you can have and they all think they are really big dogs so they're really funny. They are one of the smartest, cutest, funniest dogs there are. If you think they are ugly they are not ugly, they are PUGLY. That's an old joke pug people made up. I have 3 and a Doberman. If you really want to get a pug but you want them to be calm please rescue an older one (thousands of senior pugs get put down since they don't get adopted enough). No they are not yippy like some other small dogs, BUT some may scream if you leave them in the car or just plain if you walk away from them and they can't get to you. These are very great dogs and good for beginners as well(as owning dogs goes) but their wrinkles MUST be cleaned (a tissue works perfectly) at LEAST once a WEEK. They are great dogs, but please rescue a senior pug, they need your help more than you know.

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