Animal-World > Dogs > Working Dogs > Rottweiler


Rott, Rottie

Family: CanidaeRottweiler PictureCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
Latest Reader Comment - See More
I have a 11 month old rott and I wanted to find out at what age will he start barking?thanks :)  azmina zazu aboobaker

The Rottweiler has a very long history, highly prized and favored as a companion and helper!

With a history dating back to the Roman Empire, the Rottweiler has been used as a herding dog, a guard dog, and a war dog. In more modern times it is a valuable police dog as well. This medium sized muscular dog is classed as working dog breed. It is very handsome, smart and devoted to its keepers.

The Rottweiler is a highly protective dog that will go to great lengths to defend its family. With proper training and socialization the Rottweiler is calm, loyal and loving. They can also get along with other pets if introduced with them while young, This breed does well in obedience and tracking. When selecting a Rottweiler, look for hip and elbow dysplasia, heart disease, and Von Willebrand's disease.

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris

Common Name(s) Rottweiler, Rott, Rottie

The American Kennel Club (AKC) describes a set of standards for the Rottweiler, and currently they recognize just one type of Rottweiler. But there are some who suggest there could be two types of Rottweiler, a German Rottweiler and an American Rottweiler. Going beyond where they are born, the German variety is said to have a bigger and more blocky head, with a body that is shorter and stockier. The American variety is then less stocky, longer legged, and has a less blocky head. Although the "German" traits are outside the standards set by the American Kennel Club (AKC), some are working on developing Rottweilers for these "German Rottweiler" characteristics. So we'll have to wait and see, eventually perhaps two types of Rottweilers become recognized.

Breed Type A working breed, the Rottweiler is a large, protective dog that has been subject to breed bans in some areas. The Rottweiler has served as a herder, assistant to merchants, and war dog.

Background The Rottweiler's history goes back to the Roman Empire. Thought to be a descendent of the Italian Mastiff, the breed was developed in Rottweil, Germany. The Rottweiler nearly became extinct in the late 1800s, but was revived due to increased demand for police dogs in World War I.
Some make distinctions between the American Rottweiler and the German Rottweiler. The German is said to be shorter and more solid with a larger head. The AKC makes no such distinction, but those considered German Rottweilers often fall outside the club standards.
Mutations of the breed include the red Rottweiler, and popular hybrids are the Boxweiler (Boxer and Rottweiler mix) and the English Mastweiler (Mastiff and Rottweiler mix).

Description Rottweilers are muscular dogs with broad heads and prominent muzzles. Their eyes are dark, their ears triangular, and their noses black. Their short coat is black with brown markings. Males are 24-27 inches tall and weigh 95-130 pounds. Females are 22-25 inches tall and weigh 85-115 pounds.

Care and Feeding The Rottweiler's diet should consist of lamb, poultry, wheat and dairy. This breed needs puppy food until it is 1 ½ to 2 years old. Regular brushing is all that is necessary to keep your Rottweiler's coat in good shape. Baths should be given only as needed. It is customary to dock the Rottweiler's tail, and to remove rear dewclaws if they exist, at 1-3 days of age.
Annual checkups are advisable. Vaccinations should be given on the following schedule:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Rottweilers shed moderately. Regular vacuuming is necessary if kept inside.

Housing Your Dog Rottweilers do not need a large amount of space indoors. A small yard will be enough for them to get the exercise they need.

Social Behaviors Properly trained and socialized Rottweilers can be trusted around children, friends and relatives. They can get along with other pets if introduced with them while young.

Handling and Training Training requires a firm hand, but usually goes well if you let the dog know who is in charge. It is crucial that the trainer be able to handle a large, powerful dog effectively.

Activities Rottweilers need plenty of exercise. They enjoy daily walks or jogs, swimming, and games of fetch. It is important to take care not to overwork them while young, because this can damage their bones and joints. With adults, take care to avoid overheating in hot weather.

Breeding/Reproduction When selecting a mate for your Rottweiler, it is important to check for hereditary disorders. Ones to look for include joint dysplasia, heart disease, thyroid problems, and Von Willebrand's disease.

Common Health Problems Bloat is a concern with Rottweilers. It is important not to overfeed them, and not to exercise them too soon after meals. Extra weight can also contribute to joint problems.

Availability Rottweilers are easy to find in most areas, but it is important to buy from a reputable breeder. Improper breeding tends to produce puppies with behavior problems. Prices are usually $800 to $1,000 and up.


Lastest Animal Stories on Rottweiler

azmina zazu aboobaker - 2012-10-14
I have a 11 month old rott and I wanted to find out at what age will he start barking?thanks :)

  • Jeremy Roche - 2012-10-14
    There is no age that they start. Really depends on the dog.  He may not have found a reason to bark yet.
  • Romit - 2014-01-22
    Same problem with my 5 month rottie too
The Dog Guy - 2008-12-17
Rottweilers are not scary and dangerous when treated properly. I have a pure bred female rottie who is about 4 years old. She is not in any way aggressive. She thinks she's still a puppy and she thinks she can jump on people and be cute. She does get over excited when people are near and may give a little, painful nip, but she doesn't mean it. We describe her as a leaking tap because she's always drooling. She is also the vacuum because she scoffs up food in a second. They are good pets when treated properly.

deep - 2012-09-27
I have 3 month old rottweiler she's very weak. I'm giving her puppy feed and dairy and multivitamins but no effect. What should I give to her

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-09-27
    Rottweilers are usually pretty active puppies so I would be concerned as you say she is weak.  A good puppy food and water should be all you initially need.  If you feel she is weak, I'd get her to a vet and have her checked out.  Could be worms or just sick - could be nothing but you would want to know.
  • Hilary - 2013-12-16
    Feed your puppy with carbohydrates food. Like mashed rice,yam, feed cereal etc
  • Anonymous - 2014-01-20
    Put royalcanni food and half boiled beef to give massive look and energy
Benjamin Aunger - 2012-12-05
I want to get a Rottweiler but I am afraid of how much it sheds and if I train it as a guard dog will it attack non bad people?!?!

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-12-06
    A Rottweiller really doesn't shed a lot and its hair is very very short.  Easy to keep clean without odor.  However, they are a little stubborn when it comes to training.  Treats are great and  playing/training is good.  Example you are both running inthe yard and you yell 'STOP' and you both 'STOP' or 'SIT' and you both 'SIT' because as pups they have a big amount of energy.  You don't have to train a Rottweiller to be a guard.  The Rottweiller will love you, your family, people you allow in your home etc.  They should be well socialized to be around all people with you.  Take them to town and walk around, let people pet him etc.  The more socialized the better.  As for guard - anyone who does not know your pup - is not going to go near your pup just cuz Rottweiller so automatically a guard dog.  They also know what is their territory and will stand guard.  But socialize him well to as many people as possible.
  • Anonymous - 2012-12-06
    Thank you so much!!!
  • jun morano - 2013-06-17
    I have a 5 months old male rottweiler with certificate, but his hair is somewhat thick and curly, base from what i read, their hair should be short and straight.. any comments on this? what should be the average height of male puppy at 5 months, mine is 17 kgs now. Thanks
  • Clarice Brough - 2013-06-18
    I think their coat can be 'wavy' looking, also  on size and height at 5 months, here's a  Rottweiler Growth Chart, enjoy:)
Anonymous - 2013-01-27
I bought a rottweiler puppy recently and it's fully black. My friends told me it's not pure because rottweiler should have two colors. Can someone help me with it? Also can you list some features to identify a pure puppy.

  • Jasmine Brough Hinesley - 2013-01-27
    Yes generally as far as I know you can't get a fully black rottweiler. Did your rottweiler come with papers? That is the only true way to know for sure if your puppy is a mix or not.

Copyright © [Animal-World] 1998-2012. All rights reserved.