Applehead Teacup ChihuahuaFamily: Canidae"Lilly"Canis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Caryn Bloomfield
Applehead Chihuahua is cute name, for special little Chihuahuas with an 'apple-shaped' head!
Though the name is cute and catchy, the Applehead Chihuahua is actually just simply a "Chihuahua". There are only two recognized types of Chihuahua. To determine which type of Chihuahua you actually have, you need to look at its coat. It will be either a Long-haired Chihuahua or a Short-haired Chihuahua.
The name "applehead" is a layman's term used to describe an adorable Chihuahua with an apple dome head shape head. The term "Applehead" is most likely derived from the description, in the American Kennel Club (AKC) standards, for the shape of the preferred head. In their standards, the preferred head-shape is described as being "a well rounded apple domeskull, with or without molera".
Chihuahuas are courageous and lively toy dogs. They tend to become very attached to their owners and these small dog breeds make good guard dogs. Their strong will makes patience during training crucial, but they are intelligent and can learn a variety of tricks. When selecting an Applehead Chihuahua, it is important to check for eye problems and respiratory difficulties.
Background The Chihuahua is said to have been discovered in Mexico in 1850. They were sometimes bred for food, but they were also used in religious ceremonies and prized by royalty. It is speculated that Chihuahuas are descended from Chinese hairless dogs and ancient Mexican breeds. There are only two recognize types of Chihuahuas, the Long-haired Chihuahua and the Short-haired Chihuahuas, but no distinction is made for registration purposes.
The Applehead Chihuahua would only be recognized as one of the two breed types, a Long-haired Chihuahua or a Short-haired Chihuahua. "Applehead" along with several other terms such as "teacup," "pocket size," "tiny toy," "miniature," and "standard" are sometimes used to describe the size differences and physical appearances of Chihuahua's. And although these terms are descriptive of a particular look in an individual Chihuahua, they are not actually recognized Chihuahua types themselves.
Description Applehead Chihuahua is a layman's term for Chihuahuas that are small dogs with large, apple-shaped heads and pointy muzzles. Their eyes are protruding and dark. They may have long or short hair, and have all colors that are acceptable according to Chihuahua standards. Puppies often have a soft spot in their skulls that is called a molera. It may or may not close when they get older. The Chihuahua has an average height of 6-9 inches and weight of 2-6 pounds.
Care and Feeding Chihuahuas often have food sensitivities. They do best on a consistent diet of foods such as poultry and brown rice. Beef is not recommended for the Applehead Chihuahua. Chihuahuas need to be bathed once a month. Short-haired varieties only need occasional brushing, while long-haired Chihuahuas should be brushed daily. Nails should be trimmed as needed.
Chihuahuas need annual checkups, and vaccinations should be administered as follows:
- 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
- 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
- 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
- Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster
Applehead Chihuahuas are prone to respiratory problems, so care should be taken to keep their environment as dust-free as possible. They shed moderately, so regular vacuuming is required.
Housing Your Dog Applehead Chihuahuas are indoor dogs, and they need a warm environment. They like to snuggle up in cozy places, so it is advisable to watch for them when sitting down on soft furniture. They enjoy small breed-appropriate toys.
Handling and Training The Applehead Chihuahua is a strong-willed dog, and this can present difficulties in training. They are very smart, however, and do well with positive reinforcement. Housebreaking difficulties are common.
Breeding/Reproduction Gum problems, rheumatism, and eye problems are some things to look for when selecting a mate for your Applehead Chihuahua. Females sometimes need Cesarean sections due to their small size and the large size of puppies' heads.
Common Health Problems The design of the Chihuahua's eyes and nose are conducive to problems, including wheezing, colds, and glaucoma. Rheumatism and stress are also common among members of the breed. Regular checkups are essential to keep your Applehead Chihuahua healthy.
References "Chihuahua Breed Standard, Toy Breed", American Kennel Club, Copyright 2008. Referenced online, 2008
"Chihuahua", Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
"Chihuahua (dog)", Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., "What to Feed a Chihuahua", Referenced online, 2008
Welton, Michelle, "Chihuahuas: What's Good About ‘Em? What's Bad About ‘Em?", Copyright 2000-2008
"Chihuahua Puppies for Sale", Copyright PuppyFind.com, LLC, Referenced online, 2008