Animal-World > Dogs > Toy Dogs > Long-haired Chihuahua

Long-haired Chihuahua

Chihuahua

Family: CanidaeChihuahua, Long-haired Chihuahua PictureCanis lupus familiarisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
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I have a long haired chichaua that i am keeping for a friend who has cancer. She pulls her hair and bites herself.I have tried everything. Can someone please help.  nina

   The Long-haired Chihuahua is a classy little dog, full of personality and spunk.

The Long-haired Chihuahua is one of two recognize types of Chihuahuas, the other is the Short-haired Chihuahua or Smooth-coat Chihuahua. There are some other names applied to these toy dogs with special characteristics. These include the term Teacup Chihuahua for very small dogs, and Applehead Chihuahua for those with the AKA standards preferred head-shape, being "a well rounded apple domeskull". However all of these cute little toy dogs, are still simply Chihuahuas.

The Chihuahuas are the smallest of all types of dogs, and are the tiniest of the small dog breeds. They are classified as toy dogs. They make wonderful pets for good consist ant keeper. These are dogs with a strong-will, yet are extremely devoted to their owners. They are quick learners with a curious nature and make for an entertaining companion. Their suspicion of strangers makes them excellent guard dogs as well.

There are some important things to be aware of when selecting a dog of this breed. They have large and prominent eyes, so they are prone to eye problems. These little toy dogs are also susceptible to respiratory problems. To protect them and to keep them healthy, Chihuahuas need to be kept in a clean environment.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris
Willy Learns to Dance!

Common Name(s)

Long-haired Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Teacup Chihuahua, Long-haired Applehead Chihuahua

Breed Type

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. Classified as a toy breed they make a most suitable pet. The Chihuahua is most comfortable in warm climates.

Background

The Chihuahua is said to have been discovered in Mexico in 1850. They were sometimes bred for food, but they were also used in religious ceremonies and prized by royalty. It is speculated that Chihuahuas are descended from Chinese hairless dogs and ancient Mexican breeds. There are only two recognize types of Chihuahuas, the Long-haired Chihuahua and the Short-haired Chihuahuas, but no distinction is made for registration purposes.

Description

Chihuahuas are small dogs with large heads and pointed muzzles. They have prominent, dark eyes, and may have short or long hair. They come in a variety of colors, and all are acceptable according to breed standards. Puppies sometimes have a molera, or soft spot in their skull, which may or may not close when they get older. The sizes of males and females are similar, with an average height of 6-9 inches and weight of 2-6 pounds.
The Long-haired Chihuahua has a fluffy sleek appearance due to soft, fine guard hairs padded with a soft undercoat..

Care and Feeding

Chihuahuas do best on a diet that is composed of poultry and brown rice. They can be sensitive to some foods, and beef is not suggested for their diet. Give your Chihuahua a bath monthly, but be careful not to get water into its ears. Nails should be trimmed as needed. The Long-haired Chihuahua requires no trimming of its coat, which can actually take up to two years to fully grow out, and needs very little grooming.
Chihuahuas should have annual checkups, and receive vaccinations as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

The Long-haired Chihuahua does shed, but it actually sheds less than it's Short-haired counterpart. But because they are prone to respiratory problems, try to keep dust to a minimum. It will be necessary to remove hair from the furniture and vacuum on a regular basis.

Housing Your Dog

Long-haired Chihuahuas are indoor dogs. They enjoy playing with small toys and they need a warm environment. They will often find a cozy place to snuggle up in and go to sleep. Keep an eye out, as they are very small and that place may be under blankets.

Social Behaviors

Chihuahuas are very loyal to their family but not so sociable with other humans. They can get along with other Chihuahuas fairly well, but around other dogs and other types of pets they may become aggressive. They are also not recommended for children.

Handling and Training

Long-haired Chihuahuas are intelligent and fast learners, but they are also strong willed. Sometimes this can make them difficult to train. Using positive reinforcement is the most effective method, and patience, as this breed is often difficult to housebreak..

Activities

Much like other dogs, Long-haired Chihuahuas need daily walks, but these can be short walks. They also enjoy playing both indoors and out.

Breeding/Reproduction

Mates for Chihuahuas should be examined for gum problems, rheumatism, and eye problems. Females sometimes need Cesarean sections due to the size of the offspring's heads.

Common Health Problems

The design of the Chihuahua's eyes and nose make both susceptible to problems, including wheezing, colds, and glaucoma. They may also suffer from rheumatism and stress. They should be seen by a vet if they display signs of these problems.

Availability

Long-haired Chihuahuas can be obtained from breeders or in pet stores. Prices vary greatly, but are generally in the $500-$800 range.

References

Lastest Animal Stories on Long-haired Chihuahua

nina - 2013-06-07
I have a long haired chichaua that i am keeping for a friend who has cancer. She pulls her hair and bites herself.I have tried everything. Can someone please help.

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-06-07
    Skin problems in Chihuahua’s can be related to toxins released through the skin at excessive levels, or from a serious medical condition called seborrhea. But problems can also come from dietary allergies, fleas, bacterial infections, and other product specific allergies. Start by getting a check up by a vet to either identify the problem or help reduce the possiblities.

    Their diet is crucial for maintaining healthy hair and skin. Skin dryness is often related to diet. Foods that are rich in vitamins A, E and B3 can help. Also switching to a food that doesn't have the same grains as the current food, or the same proteins, and that also has omega 3 fatty acids may help. It's not suggested that this breed is bathed often, but a topical treatment may help. Products (sprays, shampoos,and conditionsers) with colloidal oatmeal can soothe the skin and help relieve itching.
  • calvin - 2013-07-28
    Tell her 'no' in a stern but not loud voice and then pet her and give her a rawhide chew, the kind with flavor on it...it's nervous or she may have fleas.
  • Char - 2013-12-29
    You did not say if the dog had this problem prior to your keeping it. If this started after the dog lost access to her Master, that might be the key. If so, you might be able to locate a piece of her owners clothing that has not been washed. This would give the Chi the smell of her owner. You could also try to let the owner keep an article of some kind in bed with them for a couple of days then give it to the Chi. I would suggest the dirty clothing first though as this would be more the smell that the dog remembers. Also cuddle the dog with whatever has the owners smell on it and just keep giving the Chi lots of love and attention. The other suggestions were good too, especially saying no during the bad behavior and then creating a distraction.
  • Shelia Metcalfe-farmer - 2014-03-29
    I agree with the lady about skin problems, there may be scents and perfumes in that home, different than her owners, go to the owners home and take a look and smell around, you will be surprised what you may find, also do you spray for bugs, the owner will not do this because of their pet. Good luck and thank you for caring for this little one while her owner is ill. Shelia
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Kelly - 2013-10-21
My daughter has a long haired we call her Grandpuppy (as we have no grandchildren yet) and she is adorable. We take her often for overnights. She is also not a barker and her personality and temperament is fabulous. At our house she goes potty outside only. We have a puppy pad down at all times but she has never used it. She absolutely LOVES people. She is constantly on my husband or myself. As for bed, she sleeps with us. During the night if she becomes chilled she will paw me and all I do is lift the blankets and down she goes, snuggled up to me. I have no idea how she can breathe under there for hours but she does. If she needs to pee during the night (which is rare) she will lick my face consistently. She is such a joy to have around and so calming and funny at her crazy times that we are now searching for one of our own. With the allergies my husband has with animals, she is not an issue at all for him.

  • Adena martindale - 2013-12-04
    Where did you find her?
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Shari - 2014-03-12
I just adopted a long-haired chihuahua that someone dumped in the woods in 20 degree weather. Who could be so cruel? She's a pup and precious. I named her Cuervo to compliment my other chihuahua, fifteen year old Jose! She also gets along fine with my 8 year old lab (Taylormade) and my ? year old adopted cat (Swiper). She's precious and shows me her 'thank you's' in puppy kisses!

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Anonymous - 2009-12-21
Our long-hair chihuahua is almost two years old and such a sweetheart. She gets along great with our relatives' small dogs and at home with our 13 year old cat. Its so cute to watch the cat and dog play tag around the house (although the chihuahua knows the cat is the alpha pet). She still has potty-training accidents during bad weather, but otherwise is very behaved. Unlike most of her breed, she rarely barks and rather lick people then bite/growl. Chihuahua's have a very bad rap for being yappy and ill-tempered dogs but not all of them act that way.

  • Erika - 2010-03-23
    i have a 1 year old long haired chi and she is the sweetest dog. She also never ever barks and loves to lick people. I thought my Peanut ( that's her name cause she is only 3 lbs) only did that. As far as potty training goes, she is too little to go outside in the snow so I have placed a small pan with a piddle pad in it in the corner of my bathroom and she goes in there. She also goes outside when its nice out, but I found this to work great for chi's that are so small.
  • emily - 2010-05-17
    Is he cute?
  • Maryanne Porter - 2013-02-09
    I have 2 long hair chihuahuas and they are so wonderful. I was given the first one from my daughter and he was so shy and scared of everyone and everything. He was 2 now he is about 7 and so happy, he is awesome to watch run he looks so proud. He does still have a bit of an attitude, always afraid of others around his food but just growls and complains. My little girl is almost 3 and so different I had her from about 2 months. She is happy and very friendly but barks because the male does when someone comes around. But she always wants to greet people and get some attention. I love this breed they are so cute and stuck to me like glue.
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Bobbie - 2013-08-28
I just got a long haired chi. She will be 4 yrs in NOVEMBER. The HUMANE SOCIETY took him from his previous owner for abuse. She is the sweetest thing. I've had her two weeks. She is so afraid of every noise and movement. She loves to sit by or on me now. I've heard her bark once and it was so quiet and little. I laughed but she was telling me someone was at my door. She is potty trained. She gets on my lap and scratches at me when she wants to go out. Sweetest dog EVER!!

  • Jim - 2013-09-04
    Ours barks at every sound. There are some words/names we have to actually spell out otherwise he will go nuts. He always goes on the puppy pad we lay down then he will run out and look at one of us then 'RALPH' but not bark to let us know he did his business. He loves just sitting outside in the sun and he does not care how hot it is outside...he just wants to sit outside.
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Sunny B - 2014-03-20
I rescued ROXI a Longcoated Chihuahua/long coated Daschund...she is my shadow and she sticks to me like Velcro. Very loyal...smart...spoiled...and she ain't going nowhere. My question is with this mixture do I need to be concerned with other health issues? She weighs 16 lbs---9 inches tall. One blue eye...just curious.

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